超自然現象,從紐約時報1972年的一篇報道說開去

文:夷人

在搜尋Bernard Grad的資料時,我找到48年前紐約時報的一篇文章,主題是「徒手能量治療」等超自然現象的科學討論。

 

把「超自然」與「科學」放在一起,似乎總是顯得滑稽可笑,但如果您稍微留心,會發現幾乎每個美國的頂尖大學裡,都有這麼幾個科學家在正兒八經地研究「偽科學」。只不過這樣的場景,您很難從主流媒體讀到,那些研究結果通常也不會出現在「權威刊物」上,哪怕研究者學術聲名顯赫,也不得不把它發表於「邊緣期刊」。比如哈佛大學醫學院教授Herbert Benson,他對喇嘛冥想的研究,1980年在「Nature」上曇花一現後,只能回歸「哈佛學報」這樣的內部刊物,其影嚮力大為減弱。歸根到底,無論是主流媒體還是科學界,存在著某種「超自然禁忌」,涉足者要麼被污名化,要麼踡縮於一隅,任何突破此束縛的嘗試,都可能帶來神祕的反擊與報複,這已經遠遠超出學術爭鳴的範疇。從對人類的發展影嚮考慮,這些「邊緣」學術研究顯然比「正規科研課題」意義重大得多,卻偏偏得不到重視,反而遭受百般壓制。這樣反常的現象,或許只能通過某種陰謀論才能合理解釋。

縱然如此,讀者若是有心,這類資訊在網上依然可以輕易找到。只要發生過的事情,總是會留下痕跡,資訊可以被一時掩蓋,終有見天之時。讓我們先回顧這篇1972年的紐時報道,裡面提到的研究和人名,如果朋友們按圖索驥,應該還能找到更多的有趣資料。

PARLEY EXAMINES HEALER METHODS

PALO ALTO, Calif., Oct. 7—A conference of specialists inquiring into the laying on of hands and other unorthodox forms of healing has been told here that a 「healer」 lacking self‐confidence could drain a subject of 「energy」 instead of aiding him.

Another participant described how water treated by a 「healer made plants grow at express speed.」 And a former astronaut who conducted experiments in parapsychology on the way back from the moon urged that inquiries in this area be made a serious scientific enterprise.

關於徒手能量治療的研討會

Palo Alto, 加州,10月7日—這是一場由專家學者組成的學術會議,他們在此討論「徒手能量治療」以及其他非正統的醫療途徑。有學者認為,如果一個「醫治者」缺乏自信,其結果不但無法幫助「受能者」,反而可能損耗其「能量」。

另一位與會人員描述,「功能人」給水充能,可以加速植物的生長發育。還有一位前宇航員曾在月球上參與「超心理」實驗,他鼓勵研究者對「超自然」現象進行嚴謹的科學探索。

The four‐day symposium last week was sponsored jointly by the Stanford University departments of industrial engineering and materials science and the Academy of Parapsychology and Medicine of Los Altos. The academy is a nonprofit organization recently formed by a group of scientists and physicians who believe a common but as yet little understood rationale lies behind otherwise perplexing cases of healing.

Dr. William Tiller, a professor in the department of materials science, told the meeting that people the world over were 「learning to awaken those sensory systems which permit us to perceive different dimensions of the universe.」

Common to many of the presentations was the argument that some mysterious form of 「energy」 can flow from one person to another. It allegedly can carry thoughts, or it can heal. Some people, it was suggested, are particularly capable of transferring such energy and thus can serve as healers.

持續四天的座談會由兩個單位聯合主持,分別是斯坦福大學工業工程與材料科學學院,以及Los Altos超心理與醫藥學會。該學會是一群科學家和醫生們新近成立的非營利機構。他們相信,這些令人困惑的治療案例,其背後應該有一個共同的機制與原理,只不過暫時還不為人所理解。

William Tiller博士是斯坦福大學材料科學學院的教授,他在會上說:世界各地的人們正在喚醒那些知覺系統,它允許我們感知宇宙的不同維度現實。」

多個發言人的演講中有一個共通點,他們承認存在一種神祕的「能量」形式,它可以從一個人流向另一個人。據稱這種「能量」可以攜帶思想,或者有治愈之能。與會者認為,某些「功能人」特別擅長操縱與轉移這種「能量」,因此這些異能者可以成為醫治者。

The possibility that a healer lacking self‐confidence can drain a subject, instead of injecting new energy, was proposed by Dr. Thelma S. Moss, assistant professor in the psychiatry department of the University of California at Los Angeles. She has been using a photographic method that allegedly records an aura of energy in and around living material.

The object to be photographed is placed over a film plate in a dark room and a high frequency electrical current is generated around the plate. When the film is developed, objects of all kinds seem to radiate a form of luminescence, which is taken to manifest a mysterious form of energy.

Holes in Wounded Leaf

A leaf photographed in this manner appears, in its live normal state, to be filled with a myriad of tiny white bubbles that literally seem to burst with energy. A wounded leaf quickly develops gaping holes in this dynamic bubble pattern.

A person with healing powers or with just a 「green thumb」 Dr. Moss says, can restore the vitality of the leaf by simply laying a hand over it for a few minutes. Such treatment hastens the return of the energy bubbles within the leaf.

Conversely, a person with a 「brown thumb」 who so treats a wounded leaf hastens the death of the leaf, she says. The energy, according to Dr. Moss, drains out of the leaf.

She believes she has evidence of an energy transfer in the laying on of hands. After a healing session the fingertip auras of a healer are usually smaller, she says, while the auras of the person being healed increase. If a person with healing power is not sure of his motive, Dr. Moss says he can draw energy away from the person being healed and actually hurt the patient. She says she has evidence for such an effect.

存在這樣的可能性,如果醫治者缺乏自信,他不僅無法註入能量,反而會抽取「受能者」的能量。這部分理論由Thelma S. Moss博士提出,她是加州大學洛杉磯分校精神學院的助理教授。Moss教授使用一種拍攝技術,據稱可以記錄下活體內部與身周的光環能量(指俄羅斯電子工程師Semyon Kirlian發明的克裡安照像法)。

把被照物體置於暗房膠片上,在膠片周圍施予高頻電流,當影像成型,各種物體將會有散發的熒光被記錄下來,用以展示某種神祕的能量形式。

受損樹葉的破洞

用這種照相法拍攝樹葉,當葉子處於正常形態時,它被無數的微小白色氣泡充滿,看上去氣泡猶如在爆散出能量。如果葉子受損,這些動態的氣泡系統將會產生間隙破洞。

Moss博士說,如果某人具備醫治能力,我們稱他有一只「綠拇指」,他可以修複葉子的生命力,只需要簡單地把手放在葉子上方幾分鐘即可完成。這種「治療」操作可以加速葉子回覆到正常的能量氣泡狀態。

與之相反,如果某人有一只「棕手指」,這樣的操作會加速破損葉子的死亡。Moss博士說,他會把葉子的能量耗幹。

Moss相信,她已經具備證據以證明徒手能量的轉移。她說,在治療事件發生後,治療者指尖的光環常常變小,而被治者的光環將會增強。如果一位治療者對自己的動機不夠明確,他可能從被治者身上吸走能量,實際上會傷害到病人。她說她有證據支持這樣的說法。

The experiments in transforming water by healing were conducted a decade ago by another participant in the symposium. He was Dr. Bernard Grad of McGill University. He reported that a healer treated coated bottles of water by placing his hands on them. The water was then poured in random fashion onto newly planted seeds.

Seeds given treated water repeatedly grew more rapidly and within a given period developed into plants with a greater net weight than those from seeds given water untreated by the healer’s hands he said.

研討會的另一位參與者在十年前嘗試「充能水」的實驗。他是Bernard Grad博士,麥吉爾大學教授。據他說,醫治者只需要把手放在塗層水瓶上進行充能,然後用水隨機澆灌新埋下的種子。

在限定的時間內,那些接受「充能水」澆灌的種子,其成長速度比對照組更快,長成的植物淨重也相對更大,這個結果具備重現性。

Edgar D. Mitchell, the recently retired astronaut who was the sixth man to walk on the moon, expressed the view that after long being discredited by quacks and by statistical uncertainties, this field has entered a new era of credibility. He urged strict standards of inquiry and suggested that healers be certified to practice. Captain Mitchell said he was currently working with a healer to try to document the phenomenon scientifically.

Edgar. D. Mitchell是新近退休的宇航員,他也是第六位在月球上行走的地球人。Edgar認為,長期以來,「能量治療」被污衊成江湖騙術,也深受統計學上的不確定性所苦,如今是挽回這個領域信譽的時候了。他鼓勵給相關研究設定嚴格的標準,並建議給「醫治者」資格認證以讓他們合法從醫。Mitchell上校說,他目前正和一位「醫治者」合作,用科學的方法紀錄特異醫療現象。

Sister Justa Smith of Rosary Hill College In Buffalo, a Franciscan nun who holds a doctorate in biochemistry and who has conducted research in the laying on of hands, said a single energy or force was probably responsible for all parapsychological phenomena.

「We can measure all energies in the known electromagnetic spectrum directly,」 Siste Smith said, 「but we can’t directly measure psychic energy. Is it another whole spectrum of energy? Is it really an energy? Is it at one end or the other of the electromagnetic spectrum we know it but we just can’t measure it?」

Justa Smith姐妹來自Buffalo的Rosary Hill學院,她是方濟各教會女修士,並擁有生物化學的博士學位。Smith姐妹開展過徒手治療研究,並說某種簡單的能量或者力量,可能是所有超心理現象的統一解釋。

Simth姐妹說,「我們可以測定已知電磁波譜的所有能量形式,但我們無法直接測量精神能量。它會不會是另一種譜類的能量?或者它壓根就不是能量?可不可能它是某種電磁能,只不過位於波譜的此端或彼端,導致我們無法測量?」

________________________________________________

這篇報道中提到的幾個人物,都是有頭有臉的科學家或名校教授,並不是國內朋友不屑一顧的「民科」小輩。可以說,他們涉足這個領域,會給自身的學術地位帶來風險,若不是因為對真理探索的執著,斷不會「冒天下之大不韙」,投身於「偽科學」的研究。Bernard Grad教授在前文已有介紹,這裡簡單說一下其他幾位研究者。

William Tiller可謂著作等身,他一共發表了250多篇科學論文,在「正規學術」上無可挑剔。身為斯坦福大學教授,他在1966到1971年期間擔任材料科學與工程學院的主席,1970年獲得Guggenheim fellowship獎項。這樣的學術地位也讓他多了幾分說話的資本,因此即便涉及「偽科學」,也能幾十年屹立不倒。1998年退休後,Tiller教授便潛心於神祕學,專註研究精神能量,直至今日,依然是相關領域的一個活躍權威。值得一提的是,斯坦福大學不愧為美國頂尖大學,在超自然領域有一定的開放態度。從1970年開始,斯坦福大學便成立一個科學家小組,專門考察UFO案例,在1998年,公開發表一個聲明,支持科學界持續關註UFO現象,並認為許多UFO遭遇事件留下物理證據,值得科學家進行嚴謹客觀的研究。news.stanford.edu/pr/98

 

Thelma S. Moss博士是加州大學洛杉磯分校(UCLA)的助理教授。她的人生豐富多彩,年輕時是一位電視電影女明星,寫過幾個出彩的劇本,完成於1958年的「The colossus of New York」還是科幻題材,描述的是一個科學家的頭腦嫁接到類人機器人身上的故事。女兒出生兩天後,心愛的丈夫過世,Thelma的人生也翻向新的一頁,在擺脫致命的抑鬱與悲傷之後,她重回學術領域,取得神經精神病學的博士學位,並成為UCLA的教授。Moss博士廣泛利用克裡安照相法研究精神現象,發表多篇論文和著作。然而她的研究還是給自己帶來麻煩,最後不得不離開大學教授職位。但直到1997年過世前,Moss博士始終沒有放棄精神研究,並持續寫作「超自然」領域的書籍。

科學界對於超自然研究的打壓非常普遍,哈佛大學教授,同時是精神病學院負責人的John E Mack因為對UFO接觸者的研究,受到哈佛醫學院院長的警告,他們甚至組織一個專門的調查委員會,對John的研究百般阻撓,最後通過一場持續十幾個月的官司,才還John一個清白。而後John在街上行走時,莫名其妙被酒鬼開車撞死,整個事情陰雲密布。

另一位哈佛教授Avi loeb,也是天文學院負責人,他認為oumuamua可能是一艘外星人探測裝置或者廢棄飛船。即便受到各方攻擊,依然堅持這個觀點。oumuamua是闖入太陽系的系外物體,人類第一次觀測到這樣的「天體」,它外形怪異,而且行動軌跡稀奇。

 

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